Bantu migrations

Papers in African prehistory. Bantu kings Bantu kingship was often regarded as divine. Movements by small groups to the southeast from the Great Lakes region were more rapid, with initial settlements widely dispersed near the coast and near rivers, due to comparatively harsh farming conditions in areas further from water.

Farmers were obviously not attracted either to the desert regions lying to the north or to the dense and pest-ridden forests of the Congo and adjacent lands. List of Bantu groups by country[ edit ]. The two migrating streams of population — one down the west side of the continent and the other cross the Sahel and then down the east side —gradually wrapped around below the central forest region, and met again, probably in the southern part of the Congo where the forest gives out.

Settling Everywhere Reaching Eastern Africa by about BC, the area of Bantu agriculturalists expanded slowly southward through the farmlands east of the great forests, and on further to the south.

Movements by small groups to the southeast from the Great Lakes region were more rapid, with initial settlements widely dispersed near the coast and near rivers, due to comparatively harsh farming conditions in areas farther from water.

The office of Paramount Chief continued to exist under the colonial administration, and later in South Africa but with mainly ceremonial function. One ran down the Atlantic coastal grasslands into what is today Angola.

In Eastern and Southern AfricaBantu speakers may have adopted livestock husbandry from other unrelated Cushitic - and Nilotic -speaking peoples they encountered.

Other main groups are the Sotho, the Venda and the Shangaan-Tsonga.

Brief history of the Bantu migration into South Africa

That would be shortly after the yam and banana complex arrived. As cattle terminology in use amongst the few modern Bantu pastoralist groups suggests, the Bantu migrants would acquire cattle from their new Cushitic neighbors. They were probably due to denser population, which led to more specialised divisions of labour, including military power, while making outmigration more difficult.

This has been juxtaposed with the gender system of the Indo-European languages. This system operated on the basis of social power built through control over the labour of kin groups and dependants. Increasing resources and increasing population produced more pressure to expand into thinly populated, previously non-Bantu areas and greater ability to do so.

Further, archaeology has not developed nearly as extensively in Africa as in many other parts of the world. A characteristic feature of most Niger—Congo languages, including the Bantu languages, is their use of tone.

As cattle terminology in use amongst the few modern Bantu pastoralist groups suggests, the Bantu migrants would acquire cattle from their new Cushitic neighbors.

But the dry grass and shrub country of the savannas can support some crops. Birth of Bantu Africa. What does seem clear is the approximate date: A Career Awaits You Finally, it is important to note that African history is made very complicated by the large number of peoples and languages involved, and by the absence until recent centuries of any indigenous written records except in the far north or along the coast of the Indian Ocean, where traders from Oman spread the use of Arabic script.

Southeast Africa[ edit ] Prior to the arrival of Bantus in Southeast Africa, Cushitic -speaking peoples had migrated into the region from the Ethiopian Highlands and other more northerly areas. You should expect wide differences among sources you consult about African history.

There was probably also pressure from the spreading of the Sahara desert into the Sahel lands, pushing the population ahead of its deadly desication, just as it continues to do today. Their descendants have largely mixed with other peoples and adopted other languages.

Like the people of Northeast Asia crossing the Bering Strait into the Americas without knowing that they were going anywhere in particular, the Bantu speakers spread across the continent in what was almost certainly not a self-conscious act, but merely a gradual "seepage" of populations seeking more or better farming and grazing land.

In other words, new crops both permitted and encouraged adaptations to new locations.

Bantu peoples

This was probably due to denser population which led to more specialized divisions of labor, including military power, while making emigration more difficult ; to increased interaction amongst Bantu-speaking communities with ChineseEuropeanIndonesianand Arab traders on the coasts; to technological developments in economic activity; and to new techniques in the political-spiritual ritualization of royalty as the source of national strength and health.

Legacy The Bantu expansion across the huge continent of Africa is itself a remarkable story. Herding practices reached the far south several centuries before Bantu-speaking migrants did.

The alliance under his leadership survived Zwide's first assault at the Battle of Gqokli Hill. The Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.

Linguistically, the Bantu languages belong to the Southern Bantoid branch of Benue–Congo, one of the language families grouped within the Niger–Congo phylum. The great southward Bantu migration in Africa took place in sub-Saharan Africa (south of the Sahara Desert), over some 2, years.

With the development of the iron blade, reaping became easier for the bantu people and agriculture took on a whole new meaning. Bantu Migrations, B.C.—A.D. - schmidt-grafikdesign.com Bantu languages derive from a Proto-Bantu language, estimated to have been spoken about 4, to 3, years ago in West/Central Africa (the area of modern-day Cameroon).They were supposedly spread across Central, Eastern and Southern Africa in the Bantu expansion, a rapid succession of migrations during the 1st millennium BC.

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The Bantu Expansion

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Bantu peoples: Bantu peoples, the approximately 85 million speakers of the more than distinct languages of the Bantu subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family, occupying almost the entire southern projection of the African continent.

What Was Bantu Migration?

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Bantu migrations
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